First television broadcast made available in London.
It was in the years immediately preceding WWII that the television industry we know today was born. RCA‘s David Sarnoff used his company’s exhibit at the 1939 World’s Fair as a showcase for the 1st Presidential speech on television and to introduce RCA’s new line of television receivers – some of which had to be coupled with a radio if you wanted to hear sound. In addition, anybody visiting the Fair could go into the RCA pavilion and step before the cameras themselves.
The excitement about television generated by the 1939 World’s Fair carried the interest in television through WWII when development of the medium took a back seat. By the time the war was over the electronic system of television had clearly proven its greater capacity and a period of intense growth took place. Between 1945 and 1948 the number of commercial (as opposed to experimental) television stations grew from 9 to 48 and the number of cities having commercial service went from 8 to 23. And, sales of television sets increased 500%. By 1960 there were 440 commercial VHF stations, 75 UHF stations, and 85% of U.S. households had a television set.
Nebraska pioneer family, 1886
Although the pioneers traveled to the frontier for many different reasons, they all wanted an opportunity to start new lives. Many of the pioneers were farmers. They went to Oregon, Texas, and other areas of the frontier for the inexpensive or even possibly free land. This land was available forhomesteading. They wanted the rich, fertile land for their crops. Other people came to the frontier because they had heard stories that made the new lands sound like magical places. Some went to the frontier in order to prospect for gold, to hunt and trade fur pelts, and for many other reasons
John F. Kennedy was killed on November 22, 1963. Almost 30 years later, Congress enacted the President John F. Kennedy Assassination Records Collection Act of 1992. The Act mandated that all assassination-related material be housed in a single collection in the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA).
President Kennedy was murdered at the height of the Cold War, just a year after the Cuban Missile Crisis brought the world to the brink of nuclear disaster. While the mythology of a lost Camelot developed in the years since his death, the Kennedy era was marked by a variety of tensions and crises. The civil rights movement gathered momentum in the early 1960s and clashed with resistance, particularly in the South. Kennedy’s brother Robert, as Attorney General, launched an unprecedented war on organized crime. Cuba was the most intense foreign policy hotspot – Castro had come to power there during the Eisenhower era and plots to overthrow andassassinate him continued in the Kennedy era. Vietnam was a simmering problem that would only bloom into full-scale war during the Johnson presidency.
Within hours of Oswald‘s murder, federal authorities including the powerful FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover moved to close the case. Others pushed for a blue-ribbon commission. Assistant Attorney General Katzenbach wrote a revealing memo which stated “The public must be satisfied that Oswald was the assassin; that he did not have confederates who are still at large; and that evidence was such that he would have been convicted at trial.” The memo also noted the rumors of a Communist conspiracy based on Oswald’s sojourn in Russia, but also noted: “Unfortunately the facts on Oswald seem about too pat–too obvious (Marxist, Cuba, Russian wife, etc.). The Dallas police have put out statements on the Communist conspiracy theory, and it was they who were in charge when he was shot and thus silenced
Pakistan arrests US security contractor as rift with CIA deepens | World news | The Guardian.
Supporters of the religious party Jamaat-e-Islami rally against CIA employee Raymond Davis, accused of murdering two Pakistanis. Photograph: K.M.Chaudary/AP
Pakistani authorities have arrested a US government security contractor amid a worsening spy agency row between the countries, with Pakistani intelligence calling on the Americans to “come clean” about its network of covert operatives in the country.
The front page of a January 1943 edition of the Olean Times-Herald
American critics of the United Nations often zero in on its lack of serious military capacity, citing peacekeeping failures in Bosnia and more recently in central and west Africa as examples of ineffective do-goodery gone wrong. Imagine their surprise, then, to learn that the UN was born amid nude scenes in a White House bathroom and that its primary purpose was as a war-fighting machine.
Conventional historical timelines date the UN’s foundation from the San Francisco conference of April to October 1945, when the victors of the second world war effectively institutionalised a new global order. But as Daisy Suckley, the close confidant of Franklin Roosevelt, noted in her private diary, the idea first took definitive shape when the US president went to bed on 28 December, 1941.
The date is significant. Three weeks before, on 7 December, the Japanese had launched a surprise attack on the American naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. On 11 December, Germany and Italy declared war on the US. After nearly two years of awkward ambivalence as the world burned, America was, at last, unequivocally “in”. A delighted Winston Churchill rushed to Washington and, taking up residence in the White House, spent days debating with Roosevelt how the new anti-Axis alliance would work and, crucially, what to call it.
“FDR got into his bed, his mind working and working,” Suckley recorded. “Suddenly he got it – United Nations! The next morning, the minute he had finished his breakfast, he got onto his chair and was wheeled up the hall to WSC’s [Churchill’s] room. He knocked on the door, no answer, so he opened the door and went in … He called to WSC and in the door leading to the bathroom appeared WSC, ‘a pink cherub’ (FDR said), drying himself with a towel and without a stitch on! FDR pointed at him and exploded: ‘The United Nations!’ ‘Good!’ said WSC.”
via The UN was envisaged as a war-fighting machine | Simon Tisdall | Comment is free | guardian.co.uk.
The sight of up to 100,000 starlings coming to roost before setting off on their winter migrations is a popular spectacle across Britain. Often the dark clouds of birds, known as a ‘murmuration’, make fantastical shapes as the flock wheel and dive through the air.
The most famous roost is Brighton Pier but the birds also roost in massive numbers in Snape, Suffolk and Gretna Green. Flocks of smaller starlings are also spotted by nature lovers near their homes.
via Starling ‘ballet’ in danger as bird population declines – Telegraph.