This file contains Cabinet Office
memos, letters and briefing papers charting the development of Britain’s
policy on the use of nuclear weapons. Concerns are expressed about the ‘frightening nature and enormous power’ of this weapon and the effect it could have on ‘an uninformed and ignorant public’. ‘The free world must show that it is ready to retaliate immediately against any aggressor who starts global war
‘, reads one memorandum. Another briefing paper uses the ‘pat formula’ that any attack on Britain would involve ’20 bombs on 20 cities causing 20 million deaths’, to which an official adds that we should expect ‘all of the seriously injured to die’.
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Million plus in Europe‘s 60s generation of ageing drug addicts, report finds | Society | The Guardian.
More older people than ever are experiencing problems with drug addiction. Photograph: Lester Lefkowitz/Corbis
Keith Richards and Ozzy Osbourne may now be clean, but there are a hidden generation of ageing heroin users in their 50s and 60s who have not been able to kick the habit.
The European drugs agency say there are more than a million problem drug users aged over 40 across the EU, including 122,000 in Britain, who dent the widely held perception that drug use is a youth phenomenon.
“In reality, more older people than ever are reporting experience with drugs at some point in their lives and drug problems have no age limits,” said the annual report of the European monitoring centre for drugs and drug addiction, published today.
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Haunted houses: Got ghosts? A little daily exorcise should help – Telegraph.
via Haunted houses: Got ghosts? A little daily exorcise should help – Telegraph.
A couple is busy doing routine DIY tasks, when suddenly they put down their tools. A cacophony of banging is coming from upstairs. And that’s strange, because there’s no one else living in the house.
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The Royal Opera House is working in partnership with the Lowry on a major new exhibition about the history of The Royal Ballet, which will be on display at The Lowry in Salford from 22 October. The exhibition will also look at Salford artist L.S.Lowry’s involvement with ballet and how his appreciation of art, music and dance affected his work. Some previously unseen drawings, thought to have been influenced by his love of ballet, will be included in the exhibition, which will be part of The Lowry’s tenth anniversary celebrations.
Image by UGArdener via Flickr. Wenlock Edge
Country diary: Wenlock Edge | Environment | The Guardian.
via Country diary: Wenlock Edge | Environment | The Guardian.
Robin in song on a branch, Photograph: Andrew Parkinson/ Andrew Parkinson/Corbis
The space is set for robins’ song. There’s an odd quiet which holds the texture of a cool breeze, soft light and a kind of absence. The swifts raced off weeks ago; now swallows and house martins have slipped away too. The warblers headed south for Africa and now the stay-at-homes rule the roost. But even they are moody.
A buzzard stirs around the sky letting out sharp mews, loosely aimed. Wood pigeons roll their fat little coos to each other in a tree above the old railway line, where lies the headless corpse of a sister who got in the way of a young peregrine testing her mettle. The long-tailed tits and yellowhammers stay close to the hedgetops, peeping out into corduroy fields on the leeward side.
In the woods atop old hazels under a thinning canopy of ash, along the lime avenue where high branches spread into the crowns, in gardens where hawthorns overhang the unworked edges – here are the robins. They have food, they have time and they have the advantage. Perhaps many of these robins will also move away, or it could be that those singing now have moved in from elsewhere.
Whether they are coming or going, they are certainly singing. Robin song is suited to cooler air, to mornings and evenings in spring and summer and the shorter day length later. It has a sharp-edged clarity, with liquid runs and etched phrases enhanced by the sounding woods. Here there is some leaf cover surrounding still, open, well-lit spaces which act as studios for the singing birds.
Robins have a reputation for ferocity with each other and a lack of fear with us. They also have a sweetness of song which reaches points where joy and melancholy merge. This is where the mood is shaped which, with the fragrance of leaf-rot and rain, fruits and earth, create what we feel as autumn.